### public corporations in the ( 1990 mathrm{~s} ). (Each year these publicly traded corporations must report total compensation levels for their top five executives.) Let Female be an indicator variable that is equal to 1 for females and 0 for males. A regression of the logarithm of earnings onto Female yields [ begin{aligned} widehat{ln (text {

public corporations in the ( 1990 mathrm{~s} ). (Each year these publicly traded corporations must report total compensation levels for their top five executives.) Let Female be an indicator variable that is equal to 1 for females and 0 for males. A regression of the logarithm of earnings onto Female yields [ begin{aligned} widehat{ln (text {